Cyclopentane is the lightest non-polar cycloalkane solvent used by the chemical industry. Its cyclical structure provides a higher solubility coefficient than branched or linear hydrocarbons, while its low molecular weight results in one of the lowest heat of vaporization values among non-aromatic hydrocarbon solvents. Cyclopentane is used as aerosol propellant and reaction medium for the manufacture of synthetic resins and rubber adhesives. Cyclopentane can also be used as an extraction solvent, or as solvent for alkyllithium compounds.


  • High solubility coefficient
  • non polar
  • low heat vaporization

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